PAH: Everything You Need to Know About Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment

Treatment for Pulmonary Hypertension

PAH or Pulmonary Hypertension, even though, doesn’t have a permanent treatment, there are a few things you can do to curb the symptoms & keep the disease under control. 

PAH: What is Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment?

Hypertension is a synonym for Blood Pressure and is defined as the stress caused by a person’s body reaction to the immense pressure exerted by blood flow on the walls of the blood vessels. It is a common condition among people of an older age.

When the blood pressure is excessively high, the heart’s workload is raised and this fast-paced pumping can cause serious damage to the veins and arteries.

If a person does not control their blood pressure as time progresses, the risk of catching a heart disease, organ disease or stroke drastically increases.

Even people with issues such as diabetes, obesity, excess stress, low intake of calcium and potassium, large amounts of alcohol consumption and poor physical activity can suffer from hypertension.

Treatment for Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension can’t be cured completely, but with proper guidance & medication, the symptoms can be reduced & the situation can become easier to handle.

Natural Remedies for Treating PAH

1. Quit Nicotine & Smoking: When you smoke, the nicotine and cancer-causing ingredients enter your bloodstream and mixes up with the flow of your blood, this builds up to form dirty little lumps in your bloodstream which restricts blood flow in some spots.

The spots which are vacant in terms of lumps receive much higher pressure as all the blood has to know flow through nooks and corners, this can cause blood vessels to burst.

Once you stop smoking, the carbon monoxide level drops and blood flow gradually returns to normal which eventually stabilizes your blood pressure.

2. Reduce Salt Intake: Salt when consumed in high amounts in food and drinks, increases the sodium quantity within your bloodstream and ruins the composition and flow within your bloodstream.

This impacts your kidneys as they fail to remove excess water, which causes greater stress on your delicate blood vessels are linked to your kidneys and thus a higher blood pressure level increases.

On average, a human consumes 9 to 12 grams of salt a day due to processed foods, packaged foods, and varied cooking styles.

But the WHO has declared that keeping your salt intake under 5 grams a day is what can help reduce the risk of hypertension.

3. Pick Green Vegetables Over fatty Foods: We have mentioned this earlier too, fatty foods consist of unhealthy saturated fats such as trans-fat and hydrogenated vegetable fats / oils. This is what gets stuck in the bloodstream and creates unhealthy fat blocks inside the middle of your blood lining, in turn stressing your fragile blood vessels and forcing more than normal pressure onto your blood vessels.

On the contrary, when you consume a refined diet with whole grain and fiber foods, beans, nuts, pulses, omega-3 rich fish once a week and skinless poultry, you can expect your body to attain the nutrients (weapons) to protect itself from all sorts of health problems such as a stroke or hypertensive urgencies.

Medical Options for Treating PAH

1. Beta-Blockers: Another word for the same would be Beta-Adrenergic blocking agents. This is a form of medication that restricts the effects of certain hormones to help the heart beat with less force.

One such hormone is adrenaline; it is usually the reason one gets excited and energized.

Some Beta Blockers offer less resistance to blood flow by restricting the effects of adrenaline, also known as epinephrine to take place.

And, some Beta Blockers, also known as antiplatelets, which are used to inhibit the activation of B-Adrenergic receptors are – Atenolol, Carteolol, Labetalol and Carvedilol.

Beta-blockers advocate the opening up of arteries and veins to improve blood flow. Expect common side effects such as fatigue, weight gain or cold feet and hands.

2. Diuretics: The most common form of medication for high Blood Pressure.

Diuretics mix with the blood inside the bloodstream to lower the water and sodium levels in a person’s body.

The fact that fluid levels are low, means lower blood volume which leads to an inevitable decrease in blood pressure.

There are three types of pharmaceutical Diuretics, namely Thiazide, Loop Diuretics, and Potassium Spring – each type affects a different part of the kidney.

The Diuretic drug sends a signal to the kidneys that more sodium has to be mixed with water and flushed out in the form of toxins from your body. This reduces body fluids and blood amount which has to lower the rate of flow of blood and help resolve the hypertension issue.

3. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: Angiotensin II is a hormone that is locally formed inside the kidneys and regulates renal function which impacts blood pressure.

This hormone is responsible for narrowing blood vessels which increases the pace of blood flow to the heart and forces it to work harder.

Consuming the AC inhibitor prevents body enzymes from forming Angiotensin which allows the blood vessels to relax and inflate, in turn causing a smoother flow and reducing high blood pressure.

Some common types of ACE inhibitors used are Capoten, Prinivil, Accupril, Vasotec, and Zestril. Expect to experience fatigue, lightheadedness, and high potassium levels and make sure to keep them well under harmful limits.

4. Calcium Channel Blockers: Calcium Channel Blocker are smart drugs that cut down the amount of Calcium entering the delicate muscles in walls of blood vessels, especially the ones linked to the heart.

This slow movement of calcium inside the cells of the heart makes it much simpler for the heart to pump blood in order to comfortably widen the blood vessels.

When a person is suffering from chest pains such as angina, then Calcium Channel Blocker medication relaxes blood vessels and relieves the patient of the pain.

Give it 21 days for full effects and controlled blood pressure to kick on.

Take precautions to never mix this form of medication with alcohol as it changes the final reaction and can also cause major side effects.

Also, do remember, weight gain is a common side effect. Some of the most commonly used Calcium Channel Blockers are Plendil, Cardene, Norvasc, Procardia, and Verelan.

Wrap Up

Hypertension in many cases cannot be cured, but we are lucky to be living in the 21st century. With our highly intelligent studies and methodologies, we have chemically designed and implemented medicinal solutions that help restrict the effects of hypertension, and also reduce the probability of going through hypertensive attacks.

If you choose the natural remedy route, it is a multiple-step process that includes major lifestyle changes, giving up bad habits and a desirable change in dietary preferences.

Provided you want to lay your hypertension problem in the hands of medications, be ready to obey your medicine consumption schedule and never stop taking a course as it can lead to an even higher blood pressure rating.

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